Aquatic Plants maintenance -- Substrate, Nutrients & Fertilizer
Source: | Author:cndici | Publish time: 2017-02-24 | 411 Views | Share:
Healthy live aquarium plants can create not only a spectacular aquarium design,
but also help maintain a healthy aquarium. Water plants can culturally help create
the correct tank conditions needed for maintaining healthy plant and fish populations.
To keep planted aquariums healthy and nice looking, some basic plant care measures
should be performed regularly. Feeding aquatic plants is the same thing as fertilizing
their environment with nutrients. Nutrients should be present in both the substrate and
the water to assure the plants are getting the proper amounts. With a nutrient rich envi
-ronment, they can then undergo photosynthesis and provide themselves with food and
energy.

Aquatic Plants maintenance

Though many of the necessary nutrients are available as a natural aspect of the normal
aquarium setup, the substrate and water, these alone are not enough for plant maintenance.
Other nutrients need to be provided through the additions of fertilizers and aquarium co2
systems. Regular aquarium and plant maintenance, along with maintenance over time, will
also be needed.

Substrate
You may grow these plants on Pea Gravel, Aquarium Gravel, Clay, Quartz, and Lime Free
Gravel or Sand avoiding using larger gravels. These Substrates give plants a place to root
in, obtain nutrients, and develop what plants need is a fine, lime-free, substrate which is
loaded with available nutrients. 

Aquatic Plants maintenance

Nutrients
Plants require macro- and micro nutrients to grow. Macro nutrients are substances that are
required in relatively large amounts such as nitrates, phosphates, and sulfates. These nutrients
usually occur naturally in the aquarium from tap water and fish. When these levels rise to excessive
amounts, an "algae bloom" can result. Nitrate levels rise do to their production by fish. Thus these
macro nutrients need not be added to the aquarium.

Micro nutrients are elements that are required in trace amounts. Micro nutrients important to plants
include copper, iron, manganese, boron, zinc, and calcium. These elements are needed in only the
smallest amounts, and excess can prove harmful.
The following table reviews some of the major nutrients important to aquatic plant growth. (The macro nutrients are marked with an asterisk*) 
Nutrient - Function
Carbon* - the basic block of carbohydrates, which plants use for energy
Oxygen* - important in plant respiration at night
Hydrogen - (in the form of water) is needed for nutrient transport, among other functions
Nitrogen* - (usually in the form of ammonia or nitrate) necessary for protein synthesis
Phosphorous* - promotes flower development
Sulfur* - used in protein synthesis
Iron - used in chloroplast formation (chloroplasts are the structure in which photosynthesis occurs.
When there is a deficiency of nutrients, the plants suffer. If the leaves yellow faster than usual,
there could be a deficiency of nitrogen or sulfur. If the leaves yellow starting at the tips or the
leafs seem especially brittle, an iron deficiency should be suspect. Evidence of an over
fertilization of iron or a manganese, phosphorous, or potassium deficiency is yellow spots on
the leaves.

Aquatic Plants maintenance

Fertilization
Because macro nutrients are usually available naturally in tanks, an all-around plant fertilizer
cannot be recommended for aquarium plants. Instead use preparations of "trace elements"
which are specially prepared for aquatic plants and are widely available in pet stores. Never
overdose with a fertilizer because plants and fish can be damaged. Do not purchase a fertilizer
than includes phosphate or nitrate, because horrible algae problems may arise. Fertilizers are
commonly available in liquid and pelleted forms.
For more information, please give us a message or call 86-576-88301876.
Our email is dici@diciaqua.com
DICI AQUA -- Focus on aquascaping!!!